HOW TO DRAW A FLOORPAN AND ELEVATION
STEP 1: Rough sketch
- Make a rough sketch of the room you want to survey (measure). It does not have to be a work of art, to scale or even have dead straight lines. The most important factor is to really look and identify all the structural and architectural elements and other features of the room and get these down on paper. They include
- Window openings
- Doors, indicating the direction they open
- Ceiling (and any slopes)
- Chimney breasts
- Built in features like wardrobes or shelves
- Another element in a room easily overlooked but crucial on a plan to provide information for a designer is the location of electrical and plumbing points like sockets, lights, light switches, radiators, fans etc. Indicate a rough position for these on your sketch. (See example 1)
STEP 2: Measuring
- Start by measuring along the length of one wall, from one corner of the room to the other corner. Make sure you measure to the nearest mm for extra accuracy. Jot down the measurement on your rough sketch. Repeat the process for the remaining walls measuring and making notes in the same way. (See example 2)
- Next measure the distances of the other structural elements/features identified in your sketch from the corners of the room, so that you can accurately locate these elements on your final plan.
- Now measure the different features. When measuring your windows and doors, include the frames and any mouldings in the overall measurement. Other key measurements will be the distance from the floor to the bottom of the window frame; from the ceiling to the top of the window or door frame, and from each side of the window to the corner of the wall. Any height dimensions can just be jotted down as a note or added to a separate elevation sketch. (See example 3)
- As you go around the room measuring you may notice things you previously missed. These can be easily added to your rough sketch and measured up, or jotted down as a note.
- Finally measure the ceiling height. In spaces where ceiling height differs in parts of the room for example loft rooms swift sloped ceilings, it pays to indicate this on an elevation. At the very least make a note of maximum and minimum ceiling heights.
STEP 3: Drawing up
At this point your rough sketch may be covered in dimensions and notes scribbled down. If you wish to, you can tidy up the sketch by redrawing. Here are some tips for producing a clearer more legible drawing:
- Use graph paper (download here), pencil and ruler.
- Mark the structural elements like walls in a darker thicker line to clearly define the boundaries of the room.
- Mark your dimensions (measurements) in a different coloured pen/pencil to differentiate dimensions from room structure. (See example 4)
Don’t worry too much about drawing to scale, as long as the measurements are accurate and all the features are represented, and you’ve noted down the room’s quirks and irregularities, your designer will be able to interpret and use that information.